Person-centred care involves offering care and support, centred around an individual's needs and circumstances. We all have individual needs, and just because two people might have the same health condition, for example, arthritis, doesn't mean they require the same care and support.
There are 8 values that support person-centred care. These person-centred values are the foundation of safe, effective and high-quality care and help to put the individual receiving care at the centre of the care provision.
Involving the person being cared for in any decision-making process, acknowledging and respecting their values, needs and preferences, treating them with dignity, and always being sensitive to their needs is essential.
Encourage the people you care for to do things for themselves, even if it's just a small task. Avoid doing things for them just to save time. Instead, support them in doing tasks they are capable of or almost capable of. Promoting independence can empower individuals to feel in-charge of their own lives and increase their self-value.
A person's individuality is defined by life experiences, upbringing, personality, religious and cultural identity etc. It's important to acknowledge and respect individuality by recognising and responding to each person in a way that is acceptable and meaningful to them. Providing care and support cannot be accomplished with a "one size fits all" approach.
Everyone has the right to privacy, which means they have the right to control how information about them is used and shared. It's important to respect people's preferences when sharing personal information. Privacy is also linked to dignity, especially for those who need help with personal care - for example, toileting and bathing, doors should be closed during personal hygiene activities to ensure privacy.
Instead of health and care professionals providing advice on care and treatment and the care recipient just following instructions, professionals should collaborate with individuals regarding their care and treat them as equals. Partnering with the individual involves including them in the decision-making process, working alongside them to determine the best care and treatment options, identifying their needs and what's important to them, and figuring out their goals and how to achieve them together.
It's important to support each individual in making their own choices and decisions regarding their care and treatment and provide them with the necessary information to do so.